Anonymous childbirth: ' ' basic rights of the child front to the anonymity of its origem' ' it discourses on the introduction of this new institute in Brazil. The anonymous childbirth is a recent expression, however an excellent social circumstance, ahead the necessity of measures that prevent the abandonment of the child. One is about the viability of the anonymous childbirth as banalizao form of the abandonment of children, fact that comes becoming common each day, given the daily abandonments that occur in the world and the formation and concept of effective family in the current days. He is of knowledge of all, that the number of abortions or children abandoned for the mothers is significant and amazing, as much in Brazil as in the world, a series of factors collaborates so that such fact occurs, since the repression of the parents until the financial conditions of the same ones, that also they do not possess psychological preparation to deal with the maternity. The anonymous childbirth search to give the child that is not desired for its biological family, a family who it has really accepted and that truily it takes care of the rules of familiar formation.

As all legal innovation, the subject still brings obtains a series of quarrels criticizes and compliments concerning its objectives and functionality. Thus the present monograph brings as problem the following investigation: how to protect the child detainer of basic rights, front to the anonymity of its parents and the affection of the familiar relations? It is, therefore one forms to guarantee the child the right the life and to the mother the right of not being judged by the society and to have all after the necessary cares the childbirth. The oferecimento of medical cares to this future mother, provides to this future individual the right of living, exactly not being in company of the biological mother, but in the company of a family receives who it of worthy form, capable of offering the cares to it that any child needs. The present research argues mainly concerning the viability of the anonymous childbirth as a way to diminish the index of abandonment of children, who it comes if becoming common to each day, harming each time plus a life that does not have guilt none to come to world.

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