The main purpose of these materials – to dissolve and dilute the paint materials. Knowing the composition and appointment of solvents and thinners, can be successfully used them for other purposes, for example, for the manufacture of adhesives, degreasing materials, etc. Simple solvents Acetone – dissolve natural resins, oils, polystyrene, epoxy resins, vinyl chloride copolymers, polyacrylates, chlorinated rubber. Gasoline Galosha, B-70 dissolves rubber, hot form – polyethylene. Benzene dissolves oils, fats, waxes, rubber, cellulose ethers, some silicone resin in hot form – polyethylene. Butyl acetate dissolves cellulose ethers, oils, fats, chlorinated rubber, vinyl copolymers carbinol resin. Dichloride dissolves dammar, Ku-maroon, vinyl polymers, acrylics, polystyrene.
Xylene dissolves alkidnostirolnye and divinilatsetilenovye (lac 'Etinol') polymers. Methyl acetate – acetone analogue. Methyl alcohol (methanol), dissolving the cellulose nitrate, polyvinyl acetate, novolac resins. Turpentine dissolves Kopal, dammar, colophony. Thinner oil, al-kidnostirolnyh and epoxy paints (varnishes). Solvent dissolves oil, bitumen, rubber, urea oligomers poliiefiry tetroftalevoy acid Polyetherimide and polyesterimide. Toluene dissolves shellac, Kopal, cellulose esters, polystyrene, silicone resin. When mixed with other solvents (he – the main component) dissolves epoxy, vinyl and acrylic polymers, chlorinated rubber, skinny alkyds.
In the hot polyethylene dissolves. White Spirit (Heavy fraction of gasoline) dissolves fatty alkyds, butyl-and tsiklokauchuk, polibutilmetakri-lat epoksiefiry. Cyclohexane dissolves etiltsellyu-vine oils, fats, waxes, rubbers. Cyclohexanone dissolves cellulose esters, fats, oils, most natural and synthetic polymers, polyurethane. Acetate dissolves most of the polymers. Cellosolve dissolves urea oligomers carbinol resin polivinilformaletilal (vinifleks).