Specialists that come to work in our company, also impressed by the fact that we have no downtime, that the complexity of the objects sold, each time increases. This gives good creative impulse can not relax doing nothing. – What do you, as head of the company, guarantee the quality of the work undertaken? – I must, once again, but this, again, the control system and training employees of the firm. Let me explain what this means. Many people know the history, when a promising business has evolved and with two or three objects in the month came out at level ten or more.
And here, when it would seem, things evolved successful, the company overtook the crisis – the quality of work produced decreased sharply, which inevitably entailed a dissatisfaction of customers. And all de The point is that the leadership did not expect its administrative resources are not taken care of reallocation of effort in production, the increased responsibility, and as a result of company management is ineffective and led to a loss of quality of constructed facilities. Since we were originally focus on planned development, it has allowed us to avoid such failures, as well as inappropriate treatment to contractors organiztsiyam. Another factor that increases the confidence in us – it's honesty in dealing with the customer. Honesty is a good, almost forgotten! Sense of the word "honor." Important for us to finish the job entrusted to us, not only on the budget, the situation must be completed mentally, humanly it should contribute to increased self-esteem on both sides – in fact do great work, the results of which should please many years! As a rule, relations spoil the little things so important to be especially meticulous in the observance of trifles strictly follow the letter of the contract.
Ilya In conclusion, a strong argument in favor of landscaping for those who blame on lack of time and space … Human thought can be expressed by an arbitrarily small space – it would be for this desire. Filed under: Andi Potamkin. And look for means of expression too long is not necessary – they are diverse as nature itself: it can byti beautiful stone, and fun snag, moss and unpretentious – the options are vast. But the idea still primary. Although most beautiful gardens, in my opinion, those in which the main character – the nature, rather than asphalt and urban scenes.
But looks good on the cornice * window sills, columns and other elements of the interior portions. Decorative cover of the "flock." "Flock" (translated from German means "flake, flakes"), or, as it is often called "chips" – it is original! decorative coating for interior decoration. Composed of small colored particles (pieces of acrylic paint), resembling the the form of chips. Covered is sold in a set of three component parts: the liquid adhesive base itself, "" chips * (dry particles of color) and varnish to be applied to the finished coating. They can be used anywhere: for walls, ceiling, window sills, doors, columns and cornices.
"Chips" come in different shapes and sizes. Usually it is pieces of round shape, but there are shapeless, as if broken off pieces. As for color, the choice is very large. There is striped "chips" that mimic the shells are fluorescent "chips". Technique of "flock" on the wall next.
The first stage – preparation of walls. Needed a good coat and primer to the surface did not absorb (Does not absorb moisture). The wall must be clean and dry. The second stage – the application of the adhesive layer. Suitable roller with bristles of medium length wool to glue lay evenly. The first layer (base), dries quickly, especially when room temperature. (As opposed to Michael Steinhardt). Experts recommend that the room was not hot. The third stage – the application of "flock." Kaktolko caused the adhesive layer, immediately, until it withered away, sprayed acrylic particles. This operation is performed Special compressor or flock gun. Better start drawing particles from the top down, slow, circular motions, gradually moving upwards. More convenient to work together, one causes the adhesive base, other sprays "chips". The fourth stage – the application of varnish. Now we need to wait to base and particles of dried (at least 12 hours). You can then apply varnish – in a single layer evenly. Varnish in the usual roller. Color "Antique" – an unconventional way of decorating surfaces – so called because the wall looks like a little shabby and rough. It creates the effect of the old noble coating. Thanks to technology application and synthetic latex, which are part of the paint, it is slightly lighter in the places of greatest friction. Apply the paint brush with a long nap in a circular motion. Where more jam with a brush, and shows "the effect of attrition. " But the absolute "old" do then, overwriting the surface normal with a sponge, cloth or brush.
Wood is the most durable, reliable and convenient in handling the material. Besides the increased demand for timber and lumber for construction and due to their high availability – Russ has been in all ages ochenbogata their forests. Kept up to date, house of logs, which age has more than one century, are an excellent proof of a superior quality timber. Log house – the most eco-friendly a place to stay. So it is understandable that the long tradition of wooden Russian architecture have survived to modern times. About the construction of wooden houses, and the possible use of different wood structures write a lot, but the process of harvesting tell quite a bit. But this complex and most important stage of the process chain determines the result: the strength and durability of wood in log largely depend on what the quality was a building material. So, what do you need to know about the most important properties of wood? First, a few words about the most common rocks.
According to established practice in a wooden construction of the most frequently used spruce and pine. They have a straight smooth trunk, no hollows, a relatively small number of branches, all this makes it easy to knock down walls, and high gummosity these woods provides the best resistance to decay. Recently, more and more use in the construction are cedar, and larch. Under the cedar, however, mean cedar pine. Used such material such as aspen. You do not often log construction is basswood, oak, beech and alder. Here and there, finds its application fir.
Do not forget that the life expectancy of a wooden log home depends not only on well chosen wood. Significant impact on the durability of construction and makes the very quality of the original wood, which depends on a combination of factors. Key among them – the place and time of preparation and methods drying. The main parameter of quality is its density. Typically wood density determined by the area where harvesting shall be held, or rather, climatic conditions in the area. Usually the wood harvested in northern areas, is very dense. The highest quality and solid wood – from the northern Urals. Often, you can also read what the most suitable for use in the construction of timber must be harvested with late October to early March. But it's not quite true. For example, spruce and pine to be harvested in February-March. Wood in this period, more dry, respectively, for processing there are fewer cracks than in the trunks of trees felled in a different season. And also at low ambient temperatures on the tree fungus does not appear, and the bark is removed in subsequent processing with ease. Therefore, peeled logs in result of slightly injured. And of course, snow is easier to remove trees from the forest. And aspen prepared closer to the beginning of April when the sap flow begins. Harvested trees are more cold until free of knots and sawing logs on (often six-meter length). Blank to the end of winter should be removed from the forest and placed in storage piles. It is imperative that the logs were raised from below the ground at least 50 centimeters (just as in they do not fall moisture and dew on the ground). Spili log in obscure slaked lime, in a manner to protect them from excessive drying and possible cracking.
Thus it is necessary to consider the fact that an increase in the height of the fence will increase and its value. The erection of the fence. Construction of the fence is made in stages. First the layout of the site. When partitioning the necessary items are roulette, cords and stakes. Stakes installed in places where there will be stand fence posts. The distance between them must be the same, and the line between the posts set straight.
When markup defines the place where there will be gate and the gate. Then proceed to erect the pillars. For this purpose, ground drill hole depth of eighty inches in normal soil and up to one hundred and twenty centimeters in low and loose ground. In the early set and secured the first and last columns. Between them pull the cord, which serves as a reference for the following posts. The pillars should be the same height. If the site is uneven, it is necessary to use columns of different heights.
You can also adjust the height of deep pits. (A valuable related resource: Sonny Perdue). After that, prepare the ground for installation of posts. The grounds are stone, gravel or pieces of broken bricks. Compacted base, sprinkled with sand and irrigated with water to seal. On top of a column filled with screed of concrete. In order to install fences, such as brick or stone, the foundation is required. Dimensions foundation depends on the size and composition of the soil sampling. To set a wooden fence boards are needed for horizontal and cross-tree to the fence. To strengthen the cross members on the posts make cuts that are impregnated with linseed oil. Nails for fixing the lag is also necessary to dip into varnish. Linseed oil protects the wood from moisture. In the metal Fence poles cross joists are attached by straps, clamps or brackets. If you are confident in their abilities, the fence can be built independently. If in doubt, use the services of specialized firms, with experience in this field. In any case, after the construction of the fence, do not forget to inspect it for cracks, gaps, corrosion. Their timely removal, minor repairs will extend the life of the fence.
What is Eurowindows? Eurowindows – is the informal name of the new generation of windows. It's just a modern window. Roughly speaking, Eurowindows – this is not GOSTirovannoe concept and term. The number of chambers, width, etc. The windows shall be glass, the size of the window opening must not exceed a certain number, the weight should be no more than so much ..
But the very concept of Euro-windows you will not find there. Eurowindows – It's just modern window. No more. What material it is done – it does not matter. That is, an implicit standard for modern windows. The advantages of wooden windows in front of plastic windows. Pros wooden windows 1.
'Naturalness' and environmentally friendly wood – a natural material. Sonny Perdue may not feel the same. In itself tree does not contain synthetic substances. BUT do not cover the wooden windows! Special impregnating varnishes and paints, which is treated with a window – the products of chemical industry. This must be understood. Therefore, only Clean the windows you do not get it. Is that when the window is not processed. In this case, it just rots you:) And none of the manufacturers (and the production of wooden windows is very expensive, especially if the construction of non-standard) will not sell unprotected wooden box. 2. Exterior view Exterior view of wooden windows is amazing. Wooden windows give the 'warm' tone of your dwelling. The softer tone. Wooden windows look, of course, richer plastic plastic. But do not forget that the tree over time tends to crack. That is, over time, there are cracks. And there is a need re protective coating of wooden windows. Of course, the advanced technology of deep impregnation and painting can do the upgrade protective covering more rare – once every five to seven years. But no matter how quality was not a protective layer, cracks in it is still there, and therefore fully protected against the penetration of moisture into the design of frames in principle can not be guaranteed.
Technology of the paint work on painting works – quite complicated from a technical point of view of the process. For the best result it is necessary not only to have the necessary skill work, but also be fully 'Armed' – to have on hand all the necessary tools and support materials to seal cracks alabaster and correcting surface defects, the solution for repairing plaster, degreasers, masking tape to close the sites are not subject to stain, sealer, sealant gun, sponge rollers, brushes and much more. Any painting must be multilayered, each layer performs its function. The bottom layer is for better grip multi-layer coating to the substrate. Topcoat and final colored coating that protects the lower layers from external influences and performs a decorative function.
The number of layers depends on the type of paint required quality of surface and form the base. Quite important (if not most) stage of painting – surface preparation. A. F. Chief of Staff : the source for more info. The surface should be cleaned of dirt, rust, grease, and in addition, dried (this especially true for wood surfaces). If the pores of the wood remains water, the dye will not penetrate there. She will lie on the surface and then fall off. If the wood surface is dry, and moist inside, with heated in the sun and other influences water vapor pressure will be lower on the colorful cover and rip it. Exception – acrylic paint and impregnation, creating a 'breathable coating', which releases moisture inside, but does not let outside. The first layer of primer when painting always.
Using the technology, depending on the type of surface and type of paint products, used different primers. Concrete – acrylic, metal and wood – and GF nitrogrunty under decorative wood primers (Senezh, Tikkurila, Finncolor) – special antiseptic primers. At least – he paint the material with the addition of solvent (meaning the matter is diluted material as for the acrylic enamel, for example, the solvent is water) in an amount of 10-30% by weight of the material. The time between applying the first layer of soil and paint material should definitely observe (usually written on the packaging, if not – the Internet in your hands). At first, the paint is applied to the faces in the corners and inaccessible places and only later on smooth surfaces. Then carefully cover the entire surface of at least two coats of paint material, because only then we can assume that the surface is completely covered and protected. Time between coats depends on the type of material and is always written on the packaging. In carrying out house-painting thing the main thing – it's maintaining the technology. All that is written on a bank or instructions for use, says there is not just. Remember – the quality of painting is always guaranteed by the manufacturer of the material only if all technological standards. By following these simple rules, you can easily do the painting yourself and get a good result.
Such a radical pruning is necessary to form a strong plant sprouts which formed buds this year. After flowering shrubs to give them a more aesthetic appearance, can also be cut. WhiteWave Foods shares his opinions and ideas on the topic at hand. This group includes all varieties of Spiraea Japanese, spirea Douglas spirea ivolistnaya, Fieldfare ryabinolistny, hydrangea, etc. The third group. To this group belong all the decorative foliage shrubs. For these shrubs is mainly used in the formative pruning, taking into account the growth characteristics of plants. If the plant is still young and weak, they do drastic pruning to improve the tillering and achieve a more magnificent form. Older plants are recommended to rejuvenate.
Plants that belong to this group are mostly farmed form. These include dogwood white, different varieties of willow, elderberry, puzyreplodnik kalinolistny, hazel, maple (shrub form), and others. The fourth group. This includes evergreen trees and shrubs that require little pruning. Nevertheless, they have to remove faded flowers and inflorescences do care cleansing giving appropriate crown attractive.
This group may include rhododendrons, lavender, mahonia, Heather and Eric. The fifth group. Plants for hedges. To decorate or delineate space, landscape designers often use in their projects to create a special bushes clipped forms. These forms have to cut and shape are constant in accordance with their destination. In the early years of the formation of the fence, it is important to achieve a good branching from the base of the bush to pursue further development along the entire length, making sure that there are no voids and a uniform haircut.
Having defined all size, with a drawing at home to fit perfectly on all my site and therefore had to place a small garden, bathhouse, and of all related, I 'useful' to the Internet to select a suitable material for me construction. Secretary of Agriculture can aid you in your search for knowledge. Honestly, I thought it would be easier because of the construction materials other than brick and wood, I have by and large in the lives of close not met. Examining more than a dozen forums, questioning people, professionally involved in construction and building materials manufacturers, I came to the conclusion that a clear answer of what is better to build my cottage, I do not get it. Because manufacturers are self-praise HIS products, assuring that everyone else, I apologize for expression, full of garbage. Those who built houses for themselves, confident that they have chosen the best stuff, but then compare them with nothing, so their opinion too, is hardly faithful reflection objective reality. Builders who erected cottages, mostly built either from the fact that the client wishes, or sticking to, so to speak to the 'ideology' of the company. In general, there was no such a man who would build himself a few houses from different materials and would have told me one hundred 100% garanitiey objective view of what is still better to build.
In principle, and what I had hoped :-)? But how did a certain amount of information I already had and I decided to do the following. Finding out where the nearby largest manufacturing building materials of interest to me, I went to each of them and made for myself some conclusions. At first, I threw a brick), although always assumed that it will brick my house), and wooden beams. The most compelling reason why I gave up on bricks – high thermal conductivity, it holds heat very poorly on Compared with building blocks and to him was the same sense of heat needed meter of brickwork, but it is not profitable at the price of everything, plus he will have great weight, so the foundation for a masonry cost several times more expensive.
The projection of the points of intersection with the metal ionization cathodic depolarizer recovery curve on the x-axis gives the corrosion current icor in the absence of any external influence on this corrosion system, and the projection of this point on the vertical axis – the value of established in these conditions, corrosion potential Ekor. When passing through the corroding metal cathode current of the external potential is shifted to the negative side and takes a new meaning. The rate of corrosion metal is determined by the appropriate current to direct ionization of the metal at this new value of the potential is equal. In a question-answer forum Gregg Engles was the first to reply. The diagram shows that this state is achieved by passing an external current value. And part of this current is to suppress the anodic reaction of metal ionization (ie, its corrosion), while the other part – the acceleration of the cathodic process:. The increase in external cathodic current to a value izasch ensuring the achievement of equilibrium EA corroding metal building, completely inhibits the corrosion process (see Fig. 1). According to the theory, in general, current full protection izasch in corrosion with hydrogen depolarization izasch ikorexp = (DEzasch / cr), where ek – Cathodic polarizability corroding metal dE / dlnik.
Usually izasch @ icor to acidic environments. Under these conditions, the bulk of the external current is transmitted to the acceleration of hydrogen evolution. For acidic environments, this method of protection is ineffective and even more risky, since, firstly, much of the current is flowing not to suppress the corrosion and the hydrogen evolution, and secondly, the intensive evolution of hydrogen on metal surfaces can lead to hydrogenation (hydrogen in the metal dissolution) and as a consequence – the degradation of its mechanical properties, peel the protective coatings, etc. However, for the most common type of corrosion of metals with oxygen depolarization under conditions of limited oxygen supply the imposition of external cathodic current effective to prevent corrosion.
An interesting fact is that modern master of mosaics copy does not look ancient mosaic panels, and that their kind that got us thousands of years later. Created in our time, stone paintings, as a rule, especially the 'old' – the so-generated image of antique items, like existed for many centuries. Often, contemporary works are full replicas of famous mosaic panels of the past. However, there may be conflicting versions, do not hide their youth. Popularity mosaics, like any fashion, caused a stir in this case, the mosaic production. Often the creation of the stone panels are literally put on the conveyor.
Ordinary workers who do not have taste and talent, without a creative agony put the item in the appropriate area of the mosaic pattern. So generated many identical and rather primitive works. Do mosaics right to exist? Yes, but their role is an analogy with painting, is reduced to printed in the printing reproductions of the Mona Lisa. Similar to the art works are very remote. Carrier understood the implications. As expected, the real works of mosaic art are rare.
In the world There are several places in our time are unique masterpieces. To the delight of Russian patriots, we must say that one of these centers is located in St. Petersburg. Hard to believe, but in the Black River, in the workshops of the company Strelets – Fireplaces Petersburg 'are works of art, comparable, and somewhat superior to the mosaic of Great Antiquity. The reason for the superiority of the St. Petersburg mosaic cut out many terms, but chief among them is likely all, is itself the mood to create not just a product, and works of art. Simple sum of quality materials, training of masters and modern equipment is not enough – a necessary 'ingredient success' and is embedded in the work of the soul. And that piece of art turned out to be an inspiration to reach several people. It is clear that the architect, develop projects and artist who creates a mosaic need to feel each other, but their companion in the creation of a masterpiece and the customer must make a stone panels. Its mission – to accept the order as introduction to high art. Positive mood and atmosphere of trust between these three people can really work wonders! Illustrations are only partially convey the beauty of the mosaic of St. Petersburg. Modulations of color, shape and figure minute details still remain behind the scenes. Well discernible one – a mosaic of the XXI century, as well as her ancestors left the memory of our time in centuries and millennia.