Social Sciences

The indifference that some sectors, more obstinate to the change, still they reveal, must be substituted by an opening to the global world, of form to facilitate optimum exploitation of synergies of the positivistas technocrats and the idealistic thinkers. Scientific Positivismo and philosophical subjectivismo, are not incompatible e, to moderate them, will become involved Social Sciences and Human beings in the interdisciplinaridade with Sciences of the Education, ones with more objectividade and quantitative severity; others with lesser objectividade but bigger qualitative severity. The man carries in itself three worlds: the material, with all the weight of the nature; the incorporeal one with the depth of its feelings, emotions and proper personality and the artificial resultant of everything how much it goes constructing. The new citizen will know to construct an artificial, truer world more just and. The construction of this new artificial world, in nothing not even harms the concrete realities, visible and concrete that to all involve e, menoriza the surrounding Nature of which the proper man also is integrant part. This world, the artificial one, constructed with intelligence and ability human beings, it will allow the citizen, to adapt the proper Nature and many of its elements to the necessities human beings, what she implies, on the part of the society, a predisposition for new values, new rituals and forms of life, without this intervenes with an eventual and hypothetical loss of dignity, good for the opposite, the more the man to innovate and to produce, as much more good could be its quality and level of life. For everything this, philosophers and scientists of the education, studious of the incorporeal things, defend in this work the imprescindibilidade of contributo of Science; the indispensabilidade of the effectiveness of the technique and the technology, in the formation of this new citizen because, it weighs one each time even so bigger spalling of Science, in the truth what it happens is that the society has to be prepared to conjugate the knowledge in function of the objectivos that intends to reach, in the measure where: ' ' To construct open societies to the innovation is the way certain to answer to challenge of the globalization. .

Rationalism

The rationalism that if defines the reasoning where the human being has capacity to know the doctrine, the reason human being, the capacity of its knowledge, with this if the reason acquires to establish the truth considering. Where this knowledge is equal to all humanity, with opposition to the empirismo, considering the innate and changeable and equal reason being independent for to be pra all the men. In contrast of the skepticism that rejects all and any intervention of the feelings where the emotions if consider in the domain of the knowledge. With this the only authority is the reason. Words key: Reasoning, Doctrine, Reason, Knowledge. ABSTRACT Le rationalisme qui if defines le raisonnement or l? tre humain there capacit of connatre there doctrine, there raison humaine, enables of leurs connaissances, similar d there? to tablir vrit there est acquis in tenant compte woollen raison. Lorsque cette connaissance est gale to toute l? humanit, in opposition to the l? empirisme, compte tenu woollen raison d? tre indpendant et modifiable to inne et gale pour tous les hommes. Visit Josh Resnick Jericho Capital for more clarity on the issue.

Contrairement au scepticisme qui rejette toute intervention you give sentiments et you give motions sontproposes dans le domaine woollen connaissance. Ainsi, there seule autorit est there raison. Word? key: Rasonnement, Doctrine, Raison, Connaissance 1 INTRODUCTION the rationalism is a philosophical doctrine that is related to the reason, knowledge, true thought and introduces in the philosophy with Ren Discardings. As Discardings agreed to its masters to its form of education, but it was not satisfied and searched to improve plus its knowledge through the world, travelling for some countries and knowing cultures different. Discardings for being a philosopher who always searched each day more to improve wealth in its knowledge, disagreed with everything what it learned in the school for did not have beddings and principles, were pparently true but that it did not supply no certainty.

Cartesian Method

If everything is an illusion, to think is a certainty. To think is an action carried through for somebody, of form that is possible to affirm that also it is a certainty the existence of that thinks. The cartesian philosophy of ‘ I penso’ ‘ (I cogitate I raise Sun) in the aid in the construction of the ethical citizen, therefore the understanding of our actions, as well as the construction of social relations in accordance with democratic references, for example, demand reflections that if they base on our capacity to cogitate, that is, to question what we live and what we desire to live. The CARTESIAN METHOD In the book Speech of the Method, Ren Discardings (1596-1650) elaborated what we call cartesian method, that refuted the present skepticism very at the time. It is constituted by five phases: 1 – To reject everything what it is proceeding from the directions: we can deceiving in them basing us in the information supplied for the directions (olfato, palate, vision, hearing tato), then, Discardings rejected these sensations. 2 – To reject everything what it could come of the reasoning: When we look for to reason we can deceiving in them. The reasoning nor always is perfect (for example, mathematical calculations) e, therefore, it was rejected by Discardings.

3 – To reject all the thoughts that occur when is waked up or sleeping: When we sleep, our dream seems to be real. In a similar way, when we are in guard state, for times, we have the same ideas of when we sleep. As the ideas that appear in sleep and the reality they are similar and they generate doubts, rejected them to Discardings. 4 – To consider as only certainty the fact to think: Exactly doubting everything (Hyperbolic Doubt), Discardings perceived that of something it was certain: it was doubting. To doubt is a function of the thought, is to think. If it doubted, then it thought. To think age the only certainty. 5 – To judge that the things that we conceive very clear and distinct are all true ones: In the relation between thinking and existing nothing guarantee the truth, except that it saw with clarity that, to think, was necessary to exist. From there it concluded that it could take as general rule that the things conceived with clarity and distinction are all true ones.

Flour Knowledge

The systematization of the data collected for the educators was in agreement (to see 1 and 2 attached; the table and the graphs). Then, after the elaboration of this table with the system of production and the infrastructure, for Cities, transferred it the stage of the elaboration of the graphs, having as evaluation object, the statistics of the production system, thus the graphs had been in accordance with the choice of the team for City. The used substances had been colorful penxses, papers, bristol boards, pencils and paper 40. Tera? Fair 13 -07 -20 Iniciamos this morning with the retaken one of the events of the previous day, then, all had participated saying what it happens in the second fair, thus the Formadora Selma alerted for the production of the daily etnogrfico and story of experiences, that many have difficulties in making. After this moment, had received with music the Flour of Djavan, then the people had said one alone word that identified the reason of many to be there, thus many had said that they were why: I believe the program, I accumulate of knowledge, practical theory and, force of will, curiosity, to know more, love, pleasure, satisfaction the video of Agroflorestao that approached the thematic one of the ground consumed. In this manner Selma attempted against for the activity that would be made, in which if needs to emphasize for the relation of the objectives and the problematizao, as well as the importance of the areas of knowledge to be integrated for the systematization of the project. Then the objectives had been elect, that did not give to finish at this moment, therefore, then more they would be mstica, together with the wheel of dialogues with the palestrantes Oscar Rover and Severino Branches. Then the representatives of the areas of the knowledge, explanaram its following questionings: Languages? knowing that this moment of transistion of the agronegcio for the agroecologia, is not easy.

Latin American

The objective in a society that still keeps the woman as an oppressed person, structural is this and superstructurally. Simone de Beauvoir, when publishing As the Sex, put short the deep roots of the feminine oppression, analyzing psychological development of the woman and the social conditions become that it mentally ill and submissa to the man. From these new ideas, the movement feminist spread over the world. Sutis had been burnt in the streets; the sexual release became a fact politician; the words of order if had multiplied: ' ' Our body belongs in them! ' ' ' ' Rights to the pleasure! ' ' ' ' The private one also is politician! ' ' ' ' Different, but not different! ' ' The traditional model of the being woman entered in crisis and a new profile started if to sketch. Pressured the ONU it declared 1975 International Year of the Woman, and the decade that if followed up to 1985, Decade of the Woman in the whole world. From 1977, the movement feminist was broken up in diverse trends, some more come back toward the discrimination of the abortion, centered others in the professional isonomy with men.

Many women, after to conquer before busy ranks of work exclusively for the men, had also cheated to assume functions control politics. The crisis of the family makes with that many women exert the paper of head of family, as she occurs, with the many Latin American women, over all poor. The feminism definition as a movement politician of women who fight for the fairness with regard to the men, even so either the definition most recent is not most necessary. The movement feminist in Brazil strict is related to the time of the military dictatorship. Many Brazilian women had participated of the resistance to the dictatorship actively, but the first organized group of feminists appeared in So Paulo, in 1972. To the few, the subject of the feminism started to occupy fruns national of debate. The press feminist gained breath, appearing innumerable periodicals and magazines.

Between 1970 and 1980, the movement of women was centered in the fight for the redemocratizao of the country. In the popular classrooms they had appeared, stimulated for the church catholic, clubs of mothers and associations of the house owners. Other movements, without confessional or partisan bonds, sprout for the country measure, as the Net Woman, in defense of the rights of the woman and the magnifying of the feminine citizenship. The movement feminist currently has as main flags, in Brazil, the combat to the domestic violence, that reaches levels raised in the country, and the combat to the discrimination in the work. Also if of the importance to the sort study and of the contribution, until today one in such a way forgotten, them women in the diverse historical and cultural movements it country. The legalization of the abortion and the adoption of styles of independent life are goals of some groups.

The Womanly Image

Which only tricks are not women: the radically change his image, even go to fortune-tellers, waiting for the object of adoration in front of his home. But even after the object of adoration is a girl's legs, the girls still do not cease to worry and think about how it applies to it for a long time whether they will meet, what awaits them in the future – such thoughts really torture them. 'Did I win the heart of young men for life? " – Experiencing a young lady. 'Will not affect whether an affair with a man older than me for me know? " – Immediately arises in her mind is another question. Do not assume that these thoughts are typical only too exciting ladies.

Being able to lover, everyone starts to present itself to the various requests and worry over every detail. Case that, in love, we open ourselves to another person, previously almost unknown, and therefore makes a few helpless to influence of external factors, as well as sensitive, vulnerable. Very pleased that at present there appeared a considerable number of periodicals and Internet sites on which knowledgeable psychologist helps girls escape from their experiences. Such a resource for women provides an opportunity not only to obtain counseling professionals, but also to share thoughts with your friends, but also helps the disappearance of excitement and anxiety. Due to the fact that girls are often unable to find understanding among men, but their enthusiasm seems to men boring and not worth wasting time, so common now bought women's magazines, which can be purchased at any store. Such media can not only distract from the constant challenges, but also find answers to many questions relating to health, relationships with lovers, makeup, fashion and parenting. But not every woman can afford each week to buy fresh issue of your favorite magazine, as if she did not want be aware of all the latest trends in fashion, find new recipes, see the next catalog of cosmetics. For these women will be a great outlet for women portals are increasingly appearing on the Internet. Such portals can not only find the information you need, but also find new friends, and also ask questions of professionals in the field of psychology, family relations, women's health.

Now Girl

The struggle for power in the Russian family – the most frequent. Parenting and sexual behavior – the most convenient for this sphere of family life. The easiest way to improve their status and gain short-term sedation – is to discredit the efforts of partners. And then, suddenly, in yesterday was fairly calm family begin to unfold, "military action" and if the partners did not say during a "stop", "what am I doing?", Then result could be dire. Here is a typical example. The family lived a grandmother, mother, father and two girls.

Older than 19 years younger – 10 years. Grandmother – a woman active, and when the first girl grew up, she has worked with her learned that not prevent girls from learning bad. Mama always told my grandmother that is wrong she does with her elder granddaughter, a girl gets a bad mark. When a second girl came into school age, my grandmother told my mother: 'Well, Now you yourself will deal with your child, see how you could do. " The younger girl, who was very fond, and his mother and his grandmother was in a situation of conflict of loyalties.

If she will learn good – it means grandma lost if she will learn bad – means mother lost. The girl stopped to learn all the lessons and the school did not truant. When my mother sat down to teach her lessons, the girl has panic attacks. Second, "if you'll love is something I'm standing.

William Bryan

Believe it is possible, on the contrary, solely in the possibility of occurrence of something opportunity to achieve the goal in the correctness of any theory, the existence of something. Such faith is absolutely necessary if we want to achieve something, to realize their dreams and not be inert creation, not determining their own destiny. Indeed, in the words of William Bryan, destiny – it is no accident, but the object of choice, it does not expect a win. Belief in yourself, in this sense is extremely important, and it needs to understand each. It is no secret that mental attitude, perseverance and faith in their ability to increase the likelihood order to achieve results by helping to overcome indecision, internal constraints and revealing certain internal resources. In addition, if we understand faith in yourself in another aspect – as in the existence of unchanging over time and not liable to life woes own 'I' – it is the guarantor of the preservation of this 'I'. If you do not believe in yourself, you generally do not exist as an individual (and can not be responsible for themselves and their actions). Belief in the ability of other people is mandatory, if you – a mentor.

Psychologists note that excessive strictness in child rearing prevents the formation of self-reliance and independence. If you believe in the possibility of a child (which does not mean permissive parenting and a lack of care), it would be really education, not violence and manipulation. It is very important in human life is also a matter of choice between belief and disbelief in God.

Paulo

Empdocles de Agrigento, when developing the theory of the four elements ' ' land, air, water, fogo' ' it defended that the combination of these elements would define the existing things. Corroborating with Alcmeo, Empdocles affirmed that the illness elapses of the disequilibrium of the constituent elements of the body. 5. HIPCRATES the school of the island of Kos had a destined temple the Asclpio and had incorporated the doctrines of Alcmeo and Empdocles, among others. In this school it studied Hipcrates. He was contemporary of Empdocles and Plato. It wrote the Hippocratiun Corpus, elaborated in 53 books, however, currently, knows that nor all had been written by same Hipcrates. In this workmanship descriptions meet clinical among others that make possible the diagnosis of illnesses as Tuberculosis, Pneumonia, Drop and Malaria.

Many of the illnesses were associates the climatic, racial or cultural factors (derived from the ways of life). The relevance of Hipcrates it was the aiming of the knowledge of the art of the cure of the mitolgico knowledge for the scientific, approximately parallel way to the beginning of the philosophical reflections. In this attempt of aiming the Humoral Theory elaborated, according to which has four corporal moods: blood (heart), fleuma (brain), yellow bile (liver) and black bile (bao). A disequilibrium of these moods if would become an illness. For the cure, it guided the Greeks to search its balance, therefore the physical importnica of diets and exercises. As secondary resources, Hipcrates prescribed medicines. 6. CONSIDERAES the myths had constituted a form of dogmtico and previous knowledge to the philosophical one.

They had been very important for the knowledge of the antiquity and, although the advent of the too much forms of knowledge, had not left of being searched and being renewed. According to mythology Greek, the god of the medicine was Apolo, but when removing of pira funerary of its loved its Asclpio son, this started to be the god of the medicine. Asclpio was represented supported in a serpent envolta in a baton, that originated the symbol of the medicine. The knowledge derived from the myth of Asclpio established the schools of medical sciences of old Greece. In the school of Kos it studied Hipcrates. Hipcrates left a coletnea of books (Hippocratun Corpus) and in these the medical oath can be found, until today repeated. It searched to base rationally the art of the cure, influencing the medical research until the present time. 7. REFERENCES SPIDER, MLA AND MARTINS, MHP. Subjects of Philosophy. So Paulo: Modern, 1992. BLACKBURN, S. Dictionary Oxford de Filosofia. Rio De Janeiro: Jorge Zahar Ed., 1997. HE HISSES, MJA. A rooster the Asclpio. Cinica and Vida: Special philosophy. Year II, v. 7. So Paulo: It scales Ed., 2010. HIPCRATES.Conhecer, to take care of, to love: the oath and other texts. So Paulo: landy ed, 2002.

Orphans

Nobody received wages or any affability, not even councilmen, judges, inspectors, but all gave oath of well-served population. For this time already they occurred entered to the hinterland, in search of new discoveries, wealth to brighten up the shortage of the Village or capture of indians for diverse works. The boys, created to the side of the parents in the work rude and estafante, costumavam to integrate the flags. The Chamber, through the Judge of Orphans, forbids that lesser of catorze years adentrem the wild sertes. But they go and led for the parents. Exactly before completing catorze years the boys, accustomed to the daily routine, already behave themselves as men.

They cannot only give valid certification, but we have the famous case of Manuel de Ges emancipated Helm for its father to the sixteen years. Owner Isabel de Almeida sends its Simo son, of only thirteen years, to go to the hinterland in the company of its compadre, the bandeirante celebrity Francisco Barreto. Whenever the death of a father occurs somebody of the family immediately assumes the guardianship of the orphans. A famous case is of the Sebastiana widower Milk Da Silva, sister of ' ' hunter of esmeraldas' ' Ferno Days Parents who are nominated custodian of the orphans. When assuming the Ferno function Days declares that it will take the son biggest, of sixteen years, to the hinterland in its flag. To defend the So Paulo coast of the frequent attacks of privateers if they had always convoked the men capable to catch in weapons, ' ' of catorze years arriba' ' When Peter Moreira faleceu, its brother Moreira Joo appeared before the judge to assume the guardianship of the nephews and declared that one of them, Jose, of catorze years, did not meet gift for having IDO to the Bahia (then invaded for the Dutches) integrating the troop commanded for Captain Antonio Raposo Tavares (the bandeirante celebrity). In that coarse and pauprrima stuck workshop in plateaus of Piratininga a true race of giants was being forged. The word Democracy still nor is sharp, but already if its embryo in full could there enxergar and sped up development. Thus it is more easy to understand because the So Paulo flag brings the motto ' ' I am not lead, conduzo' ' (NON DVCOR, DVCO). Joo Cndido Da Silva Grandson email: consulted Sources: 1) In the time of the bandeirantes, Belmonte; 2) The colonial city, Nelson Omegna; 3) The Captainship of So Paulo, Alcntara Axe.