If this problem is in your plans, it is important choose a certain style, and your perception of the reservoir, and other basic facilities of the garden. Without a doubt, water is needed in the gardens of any style and size, but it is especially necessary in a small garden, where the reflection of the sky in the water smooth surface will help get rid of the feeling of an enclosed space created by high walls and izgorodyami.Pri s choice of style of the future reservoir, you must decide what role to withdraw water, and then consider in what form it to embody. Water garden ponds with natural contours of the most harmoniously blend into the natural gardens, with a total picture of the garden is dominated by the plant. This style allows you to fill the pond and coastal zone lots of luxurious plantings of various types, shapes and colors that are in the rest of the garden will be simply impossible. The water garden will be a refuge for a great number of medium-sized wild animals, such as large Beautiful iridescent dragonflies, scurrying over the water, butterflies, skaters, tadpoles, small fish, medium-sized mammals come to drink. Living the splendor of the water garden will not leave anyone indifferent, paying for itself and holding the attention of admiring vzglyad.Iskusstvenny pond – good for a small garden, where little or no lawn all paved with stone. An artificial pond usually make the correct form – polygonal, and as round or elliptical, rarely applied in an arbitrary form. Finished with a pond, usually a stone. An artificial pond, you can also decorate a small amount of bright ornamental plants with distinct forms, such as irises and above ground pools nimfeyami.Pripodnyatye as conventional artificial ponds look great in a small paved gardens surrounded by a high fence. These ponds visually increase the space, reflecting the nebo.Iskusstvenny pond, elevated above the ground is very handy for keeping ornamental fish such as carp, and very convenient because you can easily touch the water and feel its coolness face.
Paint 'Hammerayt' base on modified alkyd resins with little addition of styrene, which provides better adhesion of iron surfaces. Contains scary fast evaporating solvents, which promote rapid drying of the paint. Its membership includes nanoparticles order tempered glass, creating a very mechanical procedure insurmountable barrier moisture. Hammer paint 'Hammerayt' comes in different colors packaging from zero twenty-five to the twenty-l l 3 textures: a hammer, very glossy and matte. By its very protective properties of these paints do not differ among themselves.
Hammer Enamel contains duralumin flakes, order creating a 'patterned' sketch, and special silicones that stabilize this actually draft and provides unparalleled water-repellent effect. Quite apart from traditional paint, there are also special paints 'Hammerayt'. A series of very fast drying inks designed high-temperature paint for heat-loaded surfaces. These paints vyderzhrom). Novelties in the middle of the paint for slate on the basis of synthetic resins. Paint podrazivayut temperature of 450'S (dark matte) to 600'S (silver duralumin with sufficient effect by applying only enough humevaet actually one of the first layer on the roof of the dark or non-ferrous metals, also on the pre-practice painted surface. Does not ask for the application of soil has the highest hiding power, needs little preparation of iron surface.
Two. Field implementation of paint 'Hammerayt' Paint 'Hammerayt' is used wherever is the greatest danger of corrosion than steel, designed for use underwater. The uniqueness of paint is that it can be applied specifically to a rusty surface. What does the industry on as necessary to protect the surface from rust corrosion of the forthcoming 'a profound transformation of rust by means of special formulations, applying a primer for the creation of the adhesive, applying the final layer for the creation of color stability, gloss and very ornamental species. Paint 'Hammerayt' is almost an entire system of 'one jar', acting as a rust converter, and a final layer of pound at once, at all actually This color can be produced in one day! Paint 'Hammerayt' use and for the restoration of some previously painted surfaces of iron, it is compatible with virtually all in reality paints materials (alkyd enamel, acrylic, urethane, silicone, etc..), except for bituminous materials basis.
Blue pigments. Glaze Masking – an artificial pigment having the form of a dark blue powder, it is resistant to weak acids, but not resistant to alkalis. Therefore, it is not used in the paint for application on plaster, paint and slightly alkaline (latex). It is a complex cyanide of iron and alkali metal. Cobalt Blue – contains salts of cobalt and aluminum, obtained by calcination at a temperature = 1350 degrees Celsius.
Svetostoek, resistant to the action of alkalis and acids. Accelerates the drying of oil paints. Able to withstand high temperatures and used for dyeing and hot surfaces. Ultramarine – a product of burning a mixture of kaolin + quartz + ash (from blue to pale azure tones). Prussian blue – bright blue pigment (iron salt ferrocyanide acid).
Green pigments. Chromium oxide – a pigment of dark-green color, insoluble in alkalis and acids. It is used for the preparation of chemically stable, heat-and weatherproof paints (eg primer VL-02). Its chemical composition – chromium oxide with small amounts of soluble salts. Density – 4.6 – 5.2 g / cc., Melting point – 19900 S. Learn more at this site: Amazon. Emerald Greens – Chromium hydroxide. Copperhead – basic acetate of copper salt. Its often used with white lead. Blackens from hydrogen sulfide. Under the action of light alters turquoise to bright green. Hear other arguments on the topic with Marko Dimitrijevic, Miami FL. In addition, the use emerald green, lead, pinkovuyu. Black pigments. Soot stove, oil, gas – a product of incomplete combustion of various carbonaceous materials, is almost pure carbon. It has high weathering and lightfastness. Burnt bone – contains in its composition 10% carbon. 84% calcium, 6% calcium carbonate. It turns out firing, no air, low-fat gruboizmelchennyh bones. Metallic pigments, or bronze. Powders are finely ground in special mills, copper, aluminum, alloys nickel and zinc (Melchior) and other non-ferrous metals. Unlike mineral pigments, bronze powders are characterized by metal plate form particles. Through this form, these particles form a coating scaly surface, well protected base material from corrosion. For the main shades of bronze and silver are divided into gold. Bronze shades are obtained by chemical treatment of alcohol solutions with aniline dyes. These may be obtained from various shades of bronze: blue, purple, magenta. In the golden bronze metal scales should be polished in rotating drums with by fatty polishing compounds. Bronzing steel structures: bridges, farms, reservoirs, sculptures, etc. good protection from harmful external influences. Silver pigment – aluminum powder. Represents an almost pure aluminum and contains 3-4% wax that protects it from oxidation and eliminating the danger of explosion and samovozgaraniya. Brands PAC-1, PAC-2 PAC-3, PAC-4. Coverage Rate – 10 g / sq.m. Besides applying paint using exfoliated vermiculite (gold and silver). Artificial organic pigments. Organic dyes are usually distinguished from inorganic greater dispersion, a higher intensity and bright colors. However, light, temperature and chemical resistance of them worse. The most widely used are organic black pigments: Nigrosine, indulin; blue pigments: ortolotsianovy blue monastral, indatren; red pigments: lithologic, Shirley, Hansa yellow – lemon yellow with a greenish tinge, pigment red, blue, green. They are also used farblaki – pigments, obtained by deposition of aniline dyes in a white base, such as chalk and white.
A visual inspection identify and record the visible defects and damage, make control measurements, make the description, drawings, photographs of defective parts, make charts and statements of defects and damage to the fixing of places and nature. Are checking the availability of specific strains of the building or facilities and their individual building structures (troughs, banks, bending, distortions, cracks, etc.). Establish the existence of emergency areas, if any. According to the results of visual inspection is done preliminary assessment of the technical state of building structures, which is determined by the extent of damage and the characteristic signs of defects. If the results of visual inspection are not sufficient for the task, we conducted a detailed survey tool. In this case, if necessary, a program of works for detailed examination. A detailed instrumental survey Depending on the objectives, the availability and completeness of technical documentation, the nature and extent of defects and damage may be total (complete) or selective. The continuous survey carried out when: * no design documentation * defective structures, reducing their carrying capacity; * buildings are being reconstructed with an increase in activity (including number of floors) * resumes construction interrupted for more than three years without conservation measures * in similar structures found differing material properties, changes in operating conditions under the influence of aggressive environment or circumstances type of technological processes, etc.
A sample survey carried out: * if necessary, examination of individual structures; * in potentially dangerous areas, where due to the unavailability of structures can not conduct a continuous survey. Calculation of the buildings and the definition of effort in structural elements of the operating loads are based on methods of structural mechanics and strength of materials. Assessment categories technical condition of bearing structures are based on test results and calibration calculations. By design this estimate is divided into: being in good condition, good working state, partially operable, and an invalid state disrepair. nformation. With good working condition and operation of structures under actual loads and impacts can not restrictions. In addition, for structures that are in working order, can be established requirement of periodic in-service surveys. With limited working condition of structures necessary control over their situation, the implementation of protective measures, monitoring the process parameters of operation (eg limit loads, protecting structures from corrosion, repair, or strengthening structures).
If a limited workable designs are unboosted, it requires mandatory appointments, deadlines are established on the basis of the survey. At invalid state structures necessary to carry out measures for their rehabilitation and strengthening. When an emergency state structures of their exploitation should be banned. Who should conduct an independent building expertise? Currently, expert activity is not licensed. Availability of necessary licenses and certificates is determined depending on the purpose of the examination. For example, for pretrial and trial expertise is desirable from the expert forensic certificate or equivalent certificates / diplomas. Visual and instrumental examination may be partial to conduct any expert of the company, in the presence of the necessary expertise. To conduct work on the survey bearing structures of buildings and structures permitted by the organization, equipped with the necessary instrument and tool base, having in its composition skilled workers. Laboratory studies should be performed only by specialized laboratory corresponding profile. Independent construction expertise – this is an indispensable tool of all participants of the construction process at all stages of its implementation and subsequent operation.
When designing a ventilated gap over insulation installed vetrozaschita.Steny of timber to finish the siding when the reconstruction of existing houses of timber and logs for new construction or insulation is made by fixing mineral wool on the outside walls and trim decorative and protective coating of metal or vinyl siding. The order of installation: Attach the upright frame to a wooden beam. Recommended step counters 500, 600 or 1000 mm, which will mount the plate LAYNROK LITE vraspor without gaps. As elements of the framework most often used pieces of wood 50×50, 45h50, 30×50 mm. Install plate LAYNROK LITE in the space between the uprights. Fasten with outside of the top insulation layer windproof (fiberglass, fiberglass vapor barrier or membrane, such as TYVEK, JUTA) with rails.
Tamp an additional crate to create a ventilated gap and fixing tiles. Read additional details here: Whole Foods. Close the design of exterior cladding – siding, paneling and other sheet materials or of plate. On the inside retaining wall is necessary to provide a vapor barrier device. Vapor barrier film attached to a wall or wooden slats with metal runners. When mounting the film is laid horizontal panels with overlapping with the wall when the device perekrytiem.Karkasnye frame walls of mineral wool LAYNROK LITE installed in the space between the uprights of the framework.
Mounting steps: Install the framework of cross bars 50×100 or 100×100 with a step between the uprights 500-1000 mm. Place the plate in vraspor LAYNROK LITE space between the uprights. Reliable and efficient design is framed walls with the installation of insulation in two layers of "overlap" with overlapping gaps. Attach to the outside heater windproof membrane (Eg, TYVEK, JUTA), protects the structure from weather. Tamp an additional crate on top of windproof membrane. Between insulating materials and external cladding to improve durability design and prevent moisture accumulation is recommended that the air gap width of 20-25 mm.
-Like operations can be carried on in this part of polotne.Glavnoe accurately mark the location the second half petli.Na the moment we have a rack with two or three hinges and set the canvas, placed vertically or gorizontalno.Sovmeschaem two loops and are putting the stand to face fabric so that the top stands above the top edge of the blade no more than 2 mm.Krepim upper loop to polotnu.Slozhno but neobhodimo.Nizhnyuyu loop mount easier when the top is secured by two samorezami.Ocherchivaetsya circuit selects the pot as well as on the rack. Castle or latch can be cut in by applying the previous opyt.No have to turn the lock on the contrary, attach to the edge of the castle paintings, nakernit awl, drill deep, to consolidate the two samorezami.Vybrat sweat under the ground and after the select niche at a castle or zaschelku.Zdes can approach the matter in two sposobami.Libo drill drill special pen, and later choose a chisel, or immediately begin sampling chisel, a suitable size. A leading source for info: Siegel Family Endowment. Sharpening chisels-O should say otdelno.Dlya quality work to sharpen, keeping a straight ugol.Skoshennaya side grinding is no good sdelaet.Zatochennaya surface should be otshlifovanna to a mirror electric bleska.Na sandpaper to rough grinding, and small bars, pre-moistened with water, bring to the ideal state. -Brace, which is embedded in 'tongue' and bolt Castle is marked as follows obrazom.K face cloth is applied on the lock side stand, just not speaking more than 2 mm. the upper edge of the boundary polotna.Otmechayutsya pencil 'tongue' and rigelya.Spetsialnym hook can be noted planting depth 'language'. that did not work 'nezakryvaniya' or conversely, excessive chatter polotna.Skobu can embed using the same tricks as applied in inset hinges. -Placing the blade horizontally, to collect box neslozhno.Verhnyuyu crossbar boxes should cut to size, with a chisel to remove the protruding part korobki.Krepit bar to the racks should only through drill holes and of course samorezy.Mozhno nails, but there is a danger from a hammer to split the bottom of the rack stoyku.Podrezka done taking into account the gap between the floor and the bottom edge of the canvas.
Modern technology and modern solutions in interior design requires the highest possible quality and style of any interior. As for the ceiling, then they should be not just beautiful, but rather ideal, in order to stress the idea of design space. Stretch ceilings are excellent options in the modern design of apartments and houses, thanks largely to its practicality and outstanding looks. Despite high cost of this type of ceiling, they are widely used in a variety of apartments or houses, as once having spent money on the suspended ceiling, you forget about repairs in the coming decades, because the ceilings almost never break even and quite practical for use in kitchens and bathrooms. Let us try to consider the phenomenon more suspended ceilings and understand what brought him to such a level of popular consumers. Housing and office renovation Nizhny Novgorod was no exception. The technology is simple enough stretch ceilings, but on the other hand, high-tech. It is the use of this material as fabric for stretch ceiling provides maximum strength and technique that provides maximum comfort during the installation and operation of the product.
PVC film is not exposed to low or high temperature, moisture and other degrading agents, it has no odor, making it absolutely clean and not harmful to health. The only negative that can not be compared with the huge number of advantages – fear of stabbing and cutting injuries. Technology stretch fabric does not allow for breaks or cuts of the film, so you need to be careful with the decision to install suspended ceilings in the clubs and public places use. A wide range of different designs allows you to choose the most suitable option for your specific furniture that will look great in an apartment or home and to emphasize and complement the existing interior design. Due to such modern technology and practical installation or installation of PVC film, an interior designer can vary not only different colors, but also to experiment with style and technique of setting ceilings. Chess or cascading order of assembly of separate units, creating the illusion of glowing ceilings, or "sky" – all these are special tricks that give the room individual species and open up new horizons landlord rest and comfort. Stretch ceilings are very easy to assemble and install, and do not leave after you install a lot of garbage. They are practical in use, always look like new after cleaning with a damp cloth. Stretch ceiling – is a technology of the future of interior design as well as sufficiently practical and useful element of the interior of each apartment. Thanks to the air interlayer between the film and the ceiling, creating a special sound-proof space, and a special acoustic effect.
National Research Council Canada (NRC) has developed a methodology to assess long-term thermal characteristics of the foam insulation. The aim of the project – the development of laboratory procedures for rapid, which resulted in it would be possible to predict the long-term thermal engineering performance of the polymer insulation, in particular, made of XPS, with any VA. Click medical billing to learn more. Such a laboratory procedure would help to greatly reduce development time and cost of new foam products. Project used to verify a computer model of a continuum with distributed parameters, which was used to estimate a rigid roof insulation. Test structures were installed with the samples various foam products that are exposed to the basic natural factors for 2.5 years. Samples were taken periodically from the roof to measure the thermal resistance under laboratory conditions.
In Later a series of samples was measured and the thermal resistance under field conditions. To develop a methodology to assess long-term thermal performance, which could be applied to all types of XPS, regardless of their operating conditions, the type of VA should consider the following aspects of evaluation: Systematic variation of the physical properties of cellular plastics, produced industrially. Because of these characteristics of the material, obtained on small samples may be wrong to characterize the product, systematic differences in the characteristics of the material, measured on samples taken from the surface or "depth" of the material. Because of heterogeneous structure of the material characteristics are defined on a sample taken in the "core" material, may not adequately represent the product in general, potential impacts of environmental factors on the aging process foam insulation. Because of this, the effect of thermal performance, as measured under isothermal conditions, may be incorrect to the actual characteristics of the material in the field. So way, environmental factors can cause an even greater difference between the rates of thermo XPS, projected computer model, and the value measured during field tests. Results studies have shown that environmental factors have not had a noticeable effect on the aging process plates XPS.
Virtually any non-standard situations, these compounds will help with the honor out of the situation and would make the job quickly, efficiently and without extra costs. When you work with a universal silicone sealant should be aware that it applies to polymers with acid curing system. This means that in the polymerization of the released chemical – acetic acid, which is why when you work with such means there is quite a strong characteristic smell .. Nothing dangerous in this – need to ventilate the area in which the work was carried out using the sealant. However, it is worth remembering that the vinegar can react with certain types of surfaces, such, for example, as a mirror – the port amalgam layer) or the metal parts of furniture, and damage them. They do not like concrete and acid cement coatings, marble and limestone. But the most sensitive to sealing natural stones – on the surface of the mineral stains may remain. Additional information at Digital Cameras supports this article. Therefore in these cases not to use sealant costs.
To work with the sealer you need to prepare the work surface. To do this, it should be cleaned of contamination and degrease with a suitable solvent. The working surface must be dry! It is important to observe the size joint: the joint width should not exceed 35 mm! Consumption of sealant depends on the size and configuration of the joint. in the case of rectangular flow (ml per meter) is equal to the width (mm) multiplied by the depth (mm). Joint width, mm The ratio of width to depth of> 10 2-1 majority of sealants used in specialized cartridges volumes of 300 ml, to work with them is usually used a gun. Save the quality should not be – the cheap aluminum fasteners may suddenly fail at the most inopportune moment! Professionals often use the air gun – agregeat although quite expensive, but provides convenience and accuracy of application.
Before use of cartridges with the sealant should be warmed to room temperature. If possible, sealable surface also should not be super-cooled or heated excessively (+5 to 40 degrees). Important: The tip of cartridges to be cut at an angle of 45 degrees – when using the optimal amount of sealant is squeezed out. To generate the desired seam, you can use a putty knife dipped water. They can also remove excess sealant.
The very construction of panels does not allow them to deform, cost of material, which allows you to spend on heating to 5 times smaller, environmentally friendly material: panel does not decomposition products are polluting the atmosphere. 9 advantages of the construction of structural insulated panels (SIP) construction of a high rate (20 times higher than normal brick) + complete freedom of architectural decisions, the price of 2 times lower than normal brick building (the cost of 1 square meter including all utilities and communications – 15 t.rub.) no need for heavy construction equipment: the ability to build in remote, impervious areas, earthquake-resistant up to 9 points allows you to build a turbulent geological zones, 20% free space: formed by the thinner walls of the house. It’s believed that music downloads sees a great future in this idea. Comparable figures for cost of thermal energy heating of buildings, depending on the material of the walls (Gcal per year / 1 square meter of heated area): Masonry q0 year Gcal / 1 sq ft brick building ceramic 640 mm 0.83 150 mm Beam 0.366 + 0.494 1.12 clapboard sheathing joists 150 mm brick + lining Foam 0.9 0.369 400 0.56 0.247 mm 380 mm brick + 75mm mineral wool lining + 0.57 0.251 Panel KTP 100 mm p / p 0.43 0.189 Panel KTP 150 mm p / p 0.29 0.128 QFT QFT nowadays nowadays Buildings of structurally insulated panels recognized as the best building design in terms of saving energy, materials, facilities, manpower, construction time and, ultimately, expensive. These designs greatly simplify and accelerate the construction of houses, and editing skills working can learn in a few days. Operating costs and especially the cost of heating the houses are ten times less, compared with brick and concrete buildings, which is very important in terms of constant price increases energy. Residential areas do not require installation of expensive heating systems, as used stand-alone heating system using gas, electricity and other fuels.