New responsibilities are conferred to the grandmothers, demanding of these financial aid to the grandsons or even though to the children, the care with the education, amongst others. The relation between grandmothers and grandsons defined until middle of the years of 1970 was characterized with frenquentes and even though daily contacts, however inhabiting in distinct places so that they made responsible for the grandsons without having that to impose them the rules of she disciplines as they made it to the parents; they could please to them, satisfy the wills to them or even though to mimar them. Later, the grandsons returned for house and the parents were in charge educating them and imposing the norms. If he cannot affirm that this relation left to exist. However, for explicitados factors already, have occurred changes in the familiar structure causing for the grandmothers the performance of functions of the parents.
Beyond the separations, resettings and the monoparentabilidade; the poverty, the unemployment, the growth of the social inaquality, the scarcity of public and social politics has taken the family to set in motion its members that are in better conditions to supply lack of that they are living in minimum conditions. The poverty, the unemployment, the increase of the social inaquality, the insufficience of the public and social politics can have led to the increase of its contribution in the familiar net. The precarious condition where the grandsons live tends to mobilize them in the direction of giving attendance to them. The grandmothers cuidadores, with its little retirement, look for to help in the difficulties of the family. (VITALE, 2007, p.96). The net of social protection of the members of the family is activated for the survival of these. The support given to the generations new, exactly that little, is an excellent strategy front to the expressions of the social matter. The grandmothers possess fixed incomes, retirements, pensions or benefits and are with these incomes that give the support to the children and to the grandsons, help this that contributes for not the esfacelamento of the family.