Posts Tagged ‘construction and repair’

Diamond cutting openings – work for a professional. Today, the market for construction services for the execution of works on construction of the opening is ready to take any 'team' of workers, using shock-destructive techniques (pneumatic Hammers 'grinders' sledgehammer). In applying this technique concrete loses its properties, the connection is broken between the reinforcement and concrete, cracks are formed, which leads to a decrease in the overall persistence of the building. Sophisticated low-cost customer has no idea what could become hostage to a dangerous situation: cutting openings by unqualified 'experts' can lead to tragic consequences. Flagrant violation of technology production work and a deviation from the design decisions can lead to the collapse of individual structural elements of the building. Diamond cutting openings using special equipment and high-quality diamond tools – security the safety of your home! Cutting Cutting opening of the opening can be performed the following equipment: * Hand-held cutters * Wall saws cutters – is a professional hand tools, working with which requires special skills. Cutting depth of carvers is 10-15 cm, so the cutting of openings can be made in the walls of a thickness of 30 cm, cut from two sides.

Powered cutters carried ac current of 220 V or 380 V (hydraulic cutters). Wall saw machine – a complex and technical installation, high performance, allowing to carry out deep cuts to 70 cm cutting openings can be made in the walls, thicker than 1 meter. Diamond cutting openings with wall saws is limited in a residential area, due to the need for running water (flow okolo10 liters per minute) to cool the diamond disk and leaching of waste sludge from the cutting area. In any case, the cutting of the opening requires a number of measures for waterproofing floors and joints, to avoid leaks to the ground floor. Cutting openings – the technology before cutting the opening you must install the unloading rack-jacks for the transfer of bearing loads.

Should be carried out strictly in accordance with the procedure prescribed by the project documentation. In panel houses, where the thickness of the walls is 14-18 cm, cutting opening entirely possible, based on three cuts (cutting along the contour of the opening). In monolithic buildings walls thicker (20-22 cm) and cutting openings carried out in two parts. Next, cut a part of the opening is lowered and cut into pieces of lifting or broken. In the residential application of sliding door stop technique is limited in such cases, initially cutting the opening made in installments of 50 kg. This method is almost unique. Sometimes, to reduce cost, an opening cut into six or nine parts, weighing about 100 kg. When cutting the opening in the brick and cast-in walls thicker than 60-100 cm, applied diamond drilling concrete in the thicker walls are used Cutting diamond wire Gaps made by other methods, can not be increased because of inability to consolidate the metal in the doorway.

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In addition, firms providing services in land surveying, usually working in close contact with local authorities and actually become monopolists. Respectively, and they bid up prices at their discretion. For example, in the Moscow survey area of 15 hectare can do summer residents in the 50 thousand rubles. And the national average This figure varies from 10 to 20 thousand rubles. By law, the subjects of the Russian Federation have the right to regulate the price of its territory, subdivision, however, take any steps in this direction for some reason they do not hurry. To date, such restrictions are imposed only in certain regions, particularly in the Stavropol region, Tatarstan, Chuvashia. Now they pay for the surveying and a half to two times less. Another 48 subjects of the Federation until just cooked necessary documents, and the authorities of Vologda, Ivanovo and Vladimir regions and the Territory and did refuse to influence the monopolists.

However, it is hoped that soon the situation will change and the process of surveying will be streamlined and facilitated by the new law "On the inventory, which the State Duma plans to take in the spring session, the chairman of the Duma Committee on civil, criminal, arbitral and procedural legislation, Pavel Krasheninnikov. One only Moscow Regional Duma sent about 40 amendments to the draft federal law "On Cadastre" and "On amendments to some legislative acts in part improvement of the land. " "We have repeatedly drawn the attention of the State Duma deputies on the need to amend these laws in conjunction with the introduction of the dacha amnesty – the chairman of the Committee Mosobldumy of Land, Natural Resources and Environment Basil Dupak. – Unfortunately, the amendment shall only now. " Thus, only from January 1 was reduced by the size of the state duty for state registration of rights ownership of the land from 500 to 100 rubles. Outdoor time is usually from mid-spring – then and is expected to increase the number of applications for registration of land.

But even with the amendments adopted dissatisfied progress amnesty during this time will not be less. For example, vacationers who have received plots under lease (and there are quite a few in the country), under the Act are not covered at all. Is still difficult to register the land that is allocated in a village near a private subsistence farming, which subsequently built. To residential construction has been recognized, as before, the required technical data sheet on the structure, composed of bti. The only relief – no need to bring building permit. The truly lucky, perhaps, only owners of bathhouses, garages, outhouses, stables and other outbuildings that were built on sites registered in the property previously. To legalize these buildings no longer need to collect numerous permits, justifying samostroy. Enough to bring the documents to the ground and fill in the declaration form, which gives the registration ward. In general, the dacha amnesty is stalling. To date, the certificate of ownership under the new rules were a unit of landowners. Meanwhile, top gardening season just around the corner. And, even if the deputies patch up to the summer all the loopholes in the laws, full speed the reform will not go until next year.

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Often, people involved in the construction of town houses, faced with the choice of heating system. They face the question – how and what to heat the house? We consider several solutions to this problem. The cheapest cost for equipment and installation and unpretentious in operation is heating homes with electricity – a "warm floor". The heating cable is laid in a screed on insulation, or under tile, combined with thermostat and connects the network 220. Once the screed finally get up (21-24 days), heated floor can be turned on and he is ready to work.

Consumption of such a system is 120 – 150 watts per square meter. meter. Modern Thermostat allows you to program the heating system so that in those times when you are at home – the system maintains a comfortable mode of heating, but in your absence, it turned on and off in advance you came in time to warm the house, thus saving electricity. Another undoubted advantage of underfloor heating is that heat comes from the lowest point of the room and leaves no unheated areas. We can say words proverbs – feet are always warm. The next type of heating that we consider in this paper – gas. Provided that next to your site passes gas, you can install a gas heating. Prior to its installation to do the project and coordinate it with the gas service.

Often this stage of work is the most expensive. Next you need to purchase the equipment (gas boiler, radiators, pipes, extra pumps, fittings and other connecting elements) and to its installation. This heating system requires a large initial costs of coordination, equipment and installation of the system. Costs can increase if you decide to make water system floor heating. This system is more comfortable than a system with a conventional radiators, but it also has its disadvantages. In screed floor mounted a large number of copper or plastic pipes, fittings and fasteners that turn reduces its reliability and makes system maintenance more difficult. In the operation of this system is cheaper than heating with electricity – a "warm floor". But those capital expenditures spent on gas heating system, will allow you to heat your home with electricity 10-15 years. In the absence of the main gas boiler is often used with liquid fuel. This type of heating system does not require such high capital costs initially. Warmly received in-service is more expensive than the produced gas system, but slightly cheaper than heating with electricity. Comparative table of costs for the heating system. Costs soglasovanieZatraty on oborudovanieZatraty on in ekspluatatsiiTeply

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